a recent spate of interest in Canadian-manufactured machines,
I thought it appropriate to update my Wanzer notes.
Earliest examples (late 1860's) have a very open, fine, five-spoked
drive flywheel. The needle head bar does not have a cover plate
and the shuttle carriage has no spring mechanism to keep the
shuttle accurately held. These early models are also sparsely
Second generation "Littles" have heavier cast, more
ornate flywheels, some are completely closed type. The needle
head bar is now fitted with a cover plate, inscribed with the
"Time Utilizer" logo, etc. These cover plates were
initially made from pressed brass, these were quickly replaced
with bright steel ones. The shuttle carriage gained a securing
spring, and the head decoration became more flamboyant.
the late 1870's a new patented shuttle and take-up was introduced
(see illustrations). This variant, along with the straight-race
latter day machine, is fairly uncommon.
UK patents for take-up
and shuttle appeared in 1877.